Mecca , its name is derived from the word " imtakka " , which means ' urgent ' or ' push ' . This city is called " Mecca " for humans crammed in there ( Mu `jam Al - Buldan , said : Mecca ) . In the Qur'an , God calls it " Bakkah " . Allah says , which means , " Verily , the first house built in ( on earth ) to ( place of worship ) is Baitullah man ( who was ) in Bakkah ( Mecca ) which has the blessing and guidance for all the worlds . " ( Surah Ali Imran : 96 )
Mecca is called " Bakkah " , derived from the word Bakka - yabukku , which means " to press " , because Mecca pressing necks of the proud. ( Jalalain for QS . Ali Imran : 96 )
The city also has other names , among them :
1 . Umm Al-Qura ( the city center ) . Allah says , which means , " Thus , We have revealed to you the Qur'an in Arabic , that ye may give a warning to the Umm Al-Qura ( the Meccans ) and population (countries ) around it . " (Surat ash- Shura : 7 ) . Mecca is called " Ummul Qura " because Mecca became the city 's most densely activities .
2 . Baladul Al - Amin ( the city safe ) . Allah says , which means , " For the sake of Al - Balad Al - Amin 's ( Mecca ) . " ( Surat at - Tin : 3 )
3 . Ma'ad ( points back ) . Allah says , which means , " Behold , the One who require thee ( implementing the laws ) Koran , is really going to bring you back to the place again . " ( Surat al - Qasas : 85 ) . Most commentators say that the " spot return " is Mecca . ( Tafsir Al - Jalalain , for QS . Al - Qasas : 85 )
4 . Al - Bait-ul- Haram . Allah says , which means , " ( Remember ) when We gave to Abraham in the place of the House (saying ) , ' You shall not to associate anything with Me and purify My house is for those who circumambulate . ' " ( Surah . Al - Hajj : 26 ) . Most commentators explain that Baitullah is Mecca . ( Makkah fi al- Qur'an wa As- Sunnah , p. 6 )
Geographically , the city of Mecca located about 600 miles south of the city of Medina , about 200 miles northeast kotaJedah . The city is a narrow valley surrounded by mountains , with building the Kaaba at the center. There are two mountains that surround the city of Mecca : Mount Abu Qubais and Mount Qa'qa'an .
The virtue of Makkah City
There are several hadiths that mention the virtues of the city of Mecca , among which are :
1 . God chose it to be a place of Kaaba established .
Allah says , which means , " Verily , the first house built for the ( place of worship ) is Baitullah man ( who was ) in Bakkah ( Mecca ) .... " ( Surah Al 'Imran : 96 )
2 . Mecca is the best country and the most beloved to Allah .
The Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam said as he turned his face to Mecca , when he was about to move to Medina , " By Allah, you are the best country in the sight of Allah and the most beloved land of Allah . Suppose it were not for your people who kicked me , I'm not going to move . " ( Narrated by Ad - Daruquthni )
3 . God protect Mecca from outside attacks .
The Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam said , " Verily , Allah protect Mecca from elephant attacks , and He made His Messenger and the believers hang of it .... " ( Narrated by Al - Bukhari )
4 . Beast can not enter Mecca .
The Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam said , " There is no single country will be crushed but the Beast , except Mecca and Medina . None of the hallway leading to the city , but there are the angels that line , keeping the town . " ( Narrated by Al - Bukhari )
5 . Land Haram .
The Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam said , " ... There should hunt wild animals , should not break the branches , not lawful taking of goods lost , except for people who want to announce it .... " ( Narrated by Al - Bukhari )
Jurisprudence on Mecca
Some related laws Mecca :
1 . Allowed to enter the city of Mecca in a state of Ihram , while not intending to perform the Hajj or Umrah . The evidence : The Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam , when Fathu Mecca , entering Makkah without ihram attire .
2 . For people who want to Hajj , mandatory berihram him from entering the Haram boundary ( Mecca ) .
3 . Allowed to travel far in order to spend a lot of cost to the Haram . The Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam said , " There should not be traveling far in order to visit places of worship in addition to the three mosques : Masjid al- Haram , Masjid Nabawi , and Masjid al- Aqsa . " ( Narrated by Al - Bukhari and Abu Dawud )
4 . Immoral performed in the Haram , his folded into a larger than immoral performed outside the Haram . Allah says , which means , " He who wants to deviate because injustice then we would torment him with a painful torment . " ( Surat al - Hajj : 25 )
5 . Pray in the Holy Mosque reward equal to one hundred thousand times prayers in places other than the Grand Mosque . Nabishallallahu ' alaihi wa sallam said , " Salat in the Prophet's Mosque is more important than a thousand times prayers in addition to the Prophet's Mosque , except for the Haram . Meanwhile , prayers at the Grand Mosque is more important than a hundred thousand times prayers in addition to the Haram . " ( Narrated by Ahmad and Ibn Majah ; rated authentic by Al - Albani )
6 . Allowed to conduct prayers and tawaf at anytime Haram , though coinciding with the time limits for prayer . The Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam said , "Do not forbid anyone to perform tawaf and prayer in the House , at any time , day or night . " ( Narrated by An - Nasa'i , At- Turmudzi , and Ibn Majah )
7 . Should not hunt animals living in Mecca . Anyone who hunt animals then he shall pay a fine instead . Allah says , which means , " O you who believe , do not kill game , when you 're berihram . Whoever among you kill him on purpose , then the fine is to replace the animals that are killed by the prey . " ( Surah Al - Maidah : 95 )